Dysbiosis: a new perspective
Biofilm control remains a goal of oral hygiene and periodontal maintenance but researchers are finding that it may be more important to measure the balance between good and bad bacteria.
Biofilms are resistent to antibiotics and possess the ability to protect themselves from trauma. Dysbiosis refers to microbial imbalance on or inside the body. When the microbial flora is out of balance it is an opportunity for pathogenic bacteria to take over. New research is looking at treatment to 'keep the balance' with studies looking at the efficacy of probiotics and paying less attention to specific microorganisms.
The paradigm shift to an ecological and microbial community-based approach is at the early stages of research in oral health. However, probiotics are often used to promote gastrointestinal health.