Gingivitis: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment

The main cause of gingivitis is dental plaque. If not removed regularly, plaque can accumulate between your teeth and around the gums.

If you have gingivitis, you can normally restore gum health through improved oral hygiene and teeth cleaning. Adding a Waterpik® Water Flosser to your daily routine is one of the fastest and most effective ways to treat gingivitis at home.

Gingivitis Symptoms

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can result in redness, swelling, and bleeding. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more serious level of gum disease.

  • Gingivitis generally does not cause pain.
  • Signs of gingivitis include red, spongy, shiny, or swollen gums that bleed easily, even during regular tooth brushing.
  • Gingivitis may only affect a small area of the mouth in the early stages. If it progresses, gingivitis can affect the entire mouth.
Healthy gum and gingivitis gum and periodontitis gumHealthy gum and gingivitis gum and periodontitis gum

Gingivitis Causes

Gingivitis occurs when the bacteria in plaque releases toxins that irritate the gums and cause inflammation, leading to infection and bad breath. Other contributors to gum disease and oral health problems are smoking and diabetes.

Treating Gingivitis

The Waterpik® Water Flosser uses an effective combination of pulsation and pressure to clean where brushing and string flossing can't reach.

Clinical research shows that for reversing gingivitis and improving gum health the Waterpik® Water Flosser was up to 50% more effective than traditional string floss and up to 80% more effective than Sonicare® Air Floss (model HX8181).

Gingivitis is both preventable and treatable. If you see signs of gingivitis, call your dentist and make an appointment for an exam and assessment of your oral health. Your dentist and dental hygienist can best determine the appropriate gingivitis treatment for you.